100 1735 Palpopleura jacunda Yellow veined Widow Male Rustenburg LP RSA Sept 2017r 2 100 1734 Palpopleura jacunda Yellow veined Widow Male Welgevonden RSA Dec 2017r 1 100 2053 Palpopleura jacunda Yellow veined Widow Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Dec 2015r 7

Yellow-veined Widow.     Geelaarweetjie

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Short Description:

Yellow-veined Widow, Palpopleura jucunda, Genus Palpopleura, Family Libellulidae very small sized, brown and powdery pale blue, with striking yellow veins and dark brown and yellow splashes on the wings.

Key identification features:

Male:

  • One of the smallest dragonflies in southern Africa.
  • Face yellowisg with frons brilliant shiny metallic blue on top.
  • Thorax dark brown above, yellowish green between wing bases, sides yellowish with black lines along sutures.
  • Bases of forewing and hindwing have complex dark brown patches, highlighted with bright yellow veins. Forewing with deep brown dot around nodus. Wings with yellowish amber patches around dark areas and outer region of hindwing.
  • Broad flattish abdomen. Segments 1, 2 and first half of segment 3 yellow and black above, rest of segment 3 and segments 4 to 8 pruinescent light greyish blue. Segments 9 and 10 black
  • Pterostigmas dark brown, 2.2–2.3 mm long in forewing, 2.8–2.9 mm long in hindwing. Light grey underneath 

Female:

  • Yellowish brown.
  • Thorax reddish to dark brown above.
  • Abdomen with elongated dark brown spots which form a line on sides.
  • Wings similar, also blotched in brown. Bases of all four wings with divided dark brown splashes and irregular oval dark brown patches just beyond nodus, all patches surrounded by amber.
  • Pterostigmas cream on inside, dark brown on the outside.
Compared with other species: 
  • Females of P. lucia (Lucia Widow)and P. portia (Portia Widow) are most like P. portia males, but is difficult to separate. Females must preferably be identified or photographed with males.
  • P portia and P. lucia have dark patches on the wings.
  • Black patches in both wings of the female P. lucia is more extensive than the patches of P. Portia.
  • P. lucia females have an amber patch in both wings that reaches the hind margins of the wings. These patches may also be prevalent in P. portia, but is lighter and do not reach the hind margins of the wings. Female P Jucunda has distinctive dark patches on outer part of both wings, but the male have amber patches in the area where the females have dark patches. P deceptor has long black streaks in forewing only with an isolated dark marking around node.
  • Pterostigmas of P. lucia and P. portia are bicolored: half white and half black with black on outer side. The outer black part of the pterostigmas of P. Lucia follows to the last Px vein (on the wing tip) giving the pterostigma a cat nail like appearance P. jucunda has dark brown pterostigmas. Pterostigmas of P deceptor are black with white/cream in inner half.
Distribution and Habitat:
  • Very common across most of South Africa.
  • Swampy habitats, well-vegetated perennial streams. Marshy parts of rivers in much of SA.
Behaviour:
  • An uneven flight but darting on hot days, low among vegetation, especially grasses. Frequently perches high on grass stems.
Further reading and other information:
Distribution Map Books:
The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa ... p. 190
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa p. 172
Dragonfly Biotic Index ... p. 157
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa ...p. 161
Websites:
Warwick Tarboton
Odonata Atlas of Africa. Number 668190
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species  Least Concern
African Dragonflies & Damselflies Online
Other Information:

Size Comparison Diagram Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a
Dragonfly,  Damselfly
Map of South Africa
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