There is 1 genus (Crocothemis) and 2 regularlt seen species, 1 rarely seen and 1 possible species in the southern African region.
- C. erythraea (Broad Scarlet)
- C. sanguinolenta (Little Scarlet)
- C. divisa (Rock Scarlet) (rare) and C. saxicolor (Granite Scarlet) (possible).
- C. erythraea (Broad Scarlet) is Africa’s most widespread Odonata, found at any open habitat and is rapidly expanding in Europe.
- Crocothemis (Scarlets) species have limited black markings (notably absent on legs). Mature males are often largely red.
- When reproductively inactive they may spend long periods away from water and become duller, e.g. orange, brown or greyish.
Species identification information:
- C. erythraea perches mainly on vegetation.
- C. sanguinolenta (Little Scarlet) likes to perch flat on vertical surfaces such as rocks, walls and exposed buttresses.
- C. sanguinolenta favours running water over standing water.
- C. sanguinolenta has small black dashes on the lateral sides of the abdomen. Pterostigmas generally coloured similarly to abdomen, i.e. red with maturity.
- C. divisa (Rock Scarlet) and C. saxicolor (Granite Scarlet). Limited records of C. divisa in South Africa. C. saxicolor being found in the northern region of South Africa is possible.
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A click on the species name will link to the main species description article and image gallery.
|Broad Scarlet, Crocothemis erythraea|
|Little Scarlet, Crocothemis sanguinolenta|
|Male||Female (Close -up of young Female)|