There is 1 genus (Crocothemis) and 2 regularlt seen species, 1 rarely seen and 1 possible species in the southern African region.

General appearance:

  • C. erythraea (Broad Scarlet) is Africa‚Äôs most widespread Odonata, found at any open habitat and is rapidly expanding in Europe.
  • Crocothemis (Scarlets) species have limited black markings (notably absent on legs). Mature males are often largely red.
  • When reproductively inactive they may spend long periods away from water and become duller, e.g. orange, brown or greyish.

Species identification information:

  • C. erythraea perches mainly on vegetation.
  • C. sanguinolenta (Little Scarlet) likes to perch flat on vertical surfaces such as rocks, walls and exposed buttresses.
  • C. sanguinolenta favours running water over standing water.
  • C. sanguinolenta has small black dashes on the lateral sides of the abdomen. Pterostigmas generally coloured similarly to abdomen, i.e. red with maturity.
  • C. divisa (Rock Scarlet) and C. saxicolor (Granite Scarlet). Limited records of C. divisa in South Africa. C. saxicolor being found in the northern region of South Africa is possible.

Click on all images to enlarge.
A click on the species name will link to the main species description article and image gallery. 

Broad Scarlet, Crocothemis erythraea
Male  Female
119 519 Broad scarlet male I5A7385 100 1002 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Male Close UP RNR GP RSA June 2018r 1 100 776 Broad scarlet Female Rust de Winter June 2016 r 2 of 2 100 1955 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Female RNR GP RSA Apr 2017r 2
100 1003 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Male Close UP RNR GP RSA June 2018r 3 100 1957 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Female RNR P RSA Apr 2017r 5
100 1005 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Male Close UP RNR GP RSA June 2018r 7 100 1958 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Female RNR GP RSA Apr 2017r 6
100 1006 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Male Close UP RNR GP RSA June 2018r 9 100 1959 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Female RNR GP RSA Apr 2017r 8
100 1008 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Male Close UP RNR GP RSA June 2018r 13 100 1960 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Female RNR GP RSA Apr 2017r 9
100 2058 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Male Close UP RNR GP RSA June 2018r 15 100 1961 Crocothemis erythraea Broad Scarlet Female RNR GP RSA Apr 2017r 11

  

Little Scarlet, Crocothemis sanguinolenta
Male Female (Close -up of young Female)
100 1162 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Male Mooinooi NWP RSA Jan 2016r 2 100 1968 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Male Close up Bobejaan Aug 2017r 5 100 1167 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Old Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Dec 2015r 2 100 1961 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 4
100 1969 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 5 100 1962 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 7
100 1971 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 9 100 1964 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 8
100 1973 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 11 100 1965 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 11
100 1975 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 14 100 1966 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 17
100 1977 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 20 100 1967 Crocothemis sanguinolenta Little Scarlet Female Mooinooi NWP RSA Nov 2016r 1

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