100 007 Africallagma sapphirinum Sapphire Bluet Pair Kloofzight Nov 2015 r
Sapphire Bluet.    Saffierbloutjie.    Flag of South Africa.svg

(Pinhey, 1950)

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Images in natureof Sapphire Bluet

Short Description:

Africallagma sapphirinum, Sapphire BluetGenus AfricallagmaFamily Coenagrionidae is small, sapphire blue with black rings on Segments 3 to Segment 5. That is all blue. Sapphire blue eyes with black cap. Segments 8-9 all blue.

Key identification features:

The face is sapphire blue and black. The labrum is light blue and the postclypeus black. The top of the head is black. Postocular spots are sapphire blue and linked with a thin blue line. The eyes are
bright blue with black cap. The synthorax is blue. The middorsal stripes of the synthorax are shiny black with blue antihumeral stripes and thin black humeral stripes on either side. Sides of the synthorax are blue. The wings are clear and the pterostigmas are dark grey to black with pale border. The abdomen is deep sapphire blue and black. Segments one to five are mainly sapphire-blue with a discontinuous black dorsal stripe. The dorsal stripe forms distinct ring-shaped black markings in S3 - S5. The S6, S7 and S10 are mostly black. S 8 and S9 are sapphire blue Female is dull blue with thin black humeral stripes. Blue postocular spots. Abdomen light brown below with similarly dorsal markings as the male.

Compared with other species:

Africallagma sapphirinum has distinctive bright sapphire blue colour. Distinctive black rings on S3-5 of the abdomen. A. sapphirinum has dark grey to black pterostigmas and normal wingtips and the Proischnura rotundipennis has round blue and black pterostigmas and round wingtips.

Distribution and habitat:

Flag of South Africa.svg It is endemic to South Africa.
This species is found in the grassland highveld of central South Africa. Its natural habitat is pools, dams and still parts of streams and rivers with floating and semi-submerged aquatic vegetation.


Perch close to the water on plant stems and flies just above the water surface.

Further reading and other interesting information:
Distribution Map Distribution Map 

A guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa  ... p. 90
Dragonfly Biotic Index ... p. 95
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa ... p. 104
Websites of interest:
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
(Least Cpncern)

Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 662370
Warwick Tarboton
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram:
Dragonflies and Damselflies
Morphology of a Dragonfly
Sketch 1 and Sketch 2 and Damselfly
Map of South Africa


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