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Dragonflies & Damselflies Common Citril Ceriagrion glabrum - Dragonflies & Damselflies

Common Citril    Ceriagrion glabrum    Gewone Aljander

102 005 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril

117-001 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril

Ceriagrion glabrum Citril Uvongo tandem image by Helena Coetzee

Family Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890
Short description:
  •  Medium sized, primarily orange in colour, with two, minute projections on S10
More Images:

Citril Kosi maleImages

100 2602 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Male Close up Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 2Male

100 127 Common Citril close Haenertsburg Dec 2015 r 3 of 5Male

100 022 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Female Close up Jgomo Kgomo Apr 2017r 1Female

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Key identification features:

Male

  • Face and head dull orange. 100 2602 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Male Close up Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019
  • Eyes are greenish, with dark grey cap above Creamy green below.Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Male Close up Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019
  • Thorax is orange, darker above, lighter below with a greenish tinge, particularly below. 100 2603 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Male Close up Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 5 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Male Close up Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019
  • Wings are clear. Pterostigmas are dark rusty brown with fine pale yellow borders.
  • Abdomen is bright orange. Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Male Close up Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019Segment 10 has two small (teeth-like), distinct backward-pointing projections on hind margin. Cercus (superior appendages) shorter the paraproct (Inferior appendages) Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Male Close up Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019

Female 100 022 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Female Close up Jgomo Kgomo Apr 2017r 1

  • Females are similar to males but slightly more robust, duller, browner and greener. 100 022 Ceriagrion glabrum Common Citril Female Close up Jgomo Kgomo Apr 2017r 1
Compared with other species:
  • C. glabrum and, C suave (Suave Citril) best identified in hand when in co-habitation areas
  • The only common bright, all-orange species throughout most of SA, except in the lowveld  areas aof northern KZN, MP and the Limpopo river valey (vary rare) where the much rarer Suave Citril, Ceriagrion suave, occurs.
  • C. glabrum has two prominent, black-tipped, multiple-pointed (teeth-like) projections on the hind margin of S10, while C. Sauve does not have these projections.
  • Inferior appendages of C. glabrum are longer than the superior appendages of C. suave.
Distribution and habitat:

Common in the northern and eastern half of South Africa , and along the coastal areas to the Western Cape. 
Frequents pools, marshes and sluggish reaches of rivers with an abundance of tall grass, sedge and reeds.
Sometimes an open habitat, with trees nearby, or even in thick forest.

Behaviour:
  • Rests and hovers among tall grass and other vegetation, sometimes some distance away from the water's edge. Females are often with males and mating pairs are common.
Further reading:

Websites
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 662720
African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa

 
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