Sapphire Bluet.    Saffierbloutjie.    Flag of South Africa.svg

100 007 Africallagma sapphirinum Sapphire Bluet Pair Kloofzight Nov 2015 r109 504 20180115110804 01101 026 Africallagma sapphirinum Sapphire Bluet Pair Bethel MP December 2012r

Family Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890
Short Description:

Small sized, sapphire blue with black rings on abdomen segments 3 to segment 5.

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Key identification features:


  • Face is sapphire blue and black. The labrum is light blue and the postclypeus black. Top of the head is black. Postocular spots are sapphire blue and linked with a thin blue line.
  • Eyes are bright blue with black cap.
  • Synthorax is blue. Middorsal stripes of the synthorax are shiny black with blue antihumeral stripes and thin black humeral stripes on either side. Sides of the synthorax are blue.
  • Wings are clear and the pterostigmas are dark grey to black with pale border.
  • Abdomen is deep sapphire blue and black. Segments one to five are mainly sapphire-blue with a discontinuous black dorsal stripe. The dorsal stripe forms distinct ring-shaped black markings in S3 - S5. The S6, S7 and S10 are mostly black. S 8 and S9 are sapphire blue


  • Dull blue with thin black humeral stripes. Blue postocular spots. Abdomen light brown below with similarly dorsal markings as the male.
Compared with other species:
  • Africallagma sapphirinum has distinctive bright sapphire blue colour.
  • Distinctive black rings on S3-5 of the abdomen. A. sapphirinum has dark grey to black pterostigmas and normal wingtips and the Proischnura rotundipennis has round blue and black pterostigmas and round wingtips.
Distribution and habitat:

Distribution MapIt is endemic to South Africa. Found in the grassland highveld of central South Africa. Its natural habitat is pools,
dams and still parts of streams and rivers with floating and semi-submerged aquatic vegetation.

  • Perch close to the water on plant stems and flies just above the water surface.
Further reading:

Websites of interest:
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Least Concern)
Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 662370
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa


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