Mountain Sprite.    Pseudagrion draconis     Berggesie.   Flag of South Africa.svg

105 007 Pseudagrion draconis Mountain Sprite

117 038 Pseudagrion draconis Mountain Sprite

103 010 Pseudagrion draconis Mountain Sprite

Family Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890
Short Description:

Small slate blue damsel with mauvish blue abdominal tip. It has a black face with pruinose forehead and a black labrum. The postocular spots are blue circular to oval. The Western Cape populations lack the postocular spots.

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Key identification features:


  • Face and labrum are mostly black.
  • Frons is black and heavy pruinescent white.
  • Eyes are black above and green below.
  • Wings are clear with dark, reddish brown pterostigmas.
  • Thorax is slate to navy blue above and light green below - with age becoming a little pruinescent. Undefined, very short cross stripe, originating from the hind end of the humeral stripe.
  • Abdomen is slate blue with bronze sheen, greenish or buff below - S8-9 is mauvish blue dorsal becoming pruinescent grey in old individuals.


  • Light green with black dorsal and humeral stripes, dark greenish abdomen, buff below.
  • Abdomen Segments 8 and 9 have a definite blue pattern.
Compared with other species:
  • Face of P. draconis is mostly black with black labrum, while face of P. salisburyense is greyish green or blue with greenish or bluish labrum. 
  • P. furcigerum has a green labrum.
  • P. spernatum lacks the mauve on the the terminal segments of the abdomen.
  • P. draconisis has an undefined very short cross stripe originating from the hind end of the humeral stripe, while the P spernatum a definite cross stripe from the hind end of the humeral stripe towards the antihumeral stripe.
Distribution and habitat: to South Africa.
South Africa (Free State, Gauteng, Northern Cape Province, Western Cape).
Frequents the vegetated fringes and reeds.
Inferred to occur from 0 to 2700 m above sea level, but mostly below 600 in west of range.

  • It hovers low and close to water of the slower sunlight reaches of clear montane streams and rivers - often perches on boulders in the mid stream.
Further reading:

Websites of interest
African Dragonflies & Damselflies online
Odonata Atlas of Africa - VMU Number 663300
The IUCN red List of Threatened Species. Least Concern
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa


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