- Four species in Africa
- One in Middle east and tropical Asia
Distribution in Southern Africa
- One genus (Brachythemis). with two Species.
- Favour exposed, standing or slow-flowing water, generally with bare banks, often perch on the ground and some species are most active towards the end of the day. B. leucosticta (Red Groundling) may be found some distance away from water
- May be found in large groups
- B. lacustris and Trithemis kirbyi (Orange-winged Dropwing) is easy to confuse but T. kirbyi is much stockier with larger and paler pterostigmas. The amber patches on both wing does not reach the nodus.
- B. leucosticta follow larger mammals (including humans), flying low and catching disturbed insects.
Species identification general:
- B. lacustris mature males are entirely red with the basal two-fifths of the wings deep amber.
- B. lacustris mostly inhabits rivers, often assembling in large groups on vegetation overhanging the water, but also perch on rocks. May be found at lakes.
- B. leucosticta mature males of are dark brown/black with distinctive bands on all wings.
- B. leucosticta immature males and females looks alike but the males develop the wing bans before the body darken with age.
- Males only shown To view females follow the link to the description page
- Click on species name will link to the main species description article and image gallery.