Genus Palpopleura Rambur, 1842
Distribution in Africa and surrounding Islands
- Five species occur in Africa, one in Madagascar and one in southern Asia.
General identification features
- Very to fairly small (hindwing 15-29 mm)
- Short and broad abdomen with a characteristic pattern of three black and four yellow stripes, which becomes pruinose with maturity.
- Fore wing costa wavy, concave halfway between base and node; waviness only weak in P. deceptor (Deceptive Widow)
- Occipital triangle small with rather concave borders, eyes touching over distance of at least half its length
- Either Pt bicoloured (half white and half black)
- Wings have extensive dark markings (normally at least covering hind wing triangle or subcostal space of fore wing with dark streak), or both
Habitat and behaviour:
- Most species inhabit rivers and streams, where adults can be elusive and furtive, while larvae are easier to find.
- Perches mostly on rocks, tops of branches or grass stems
- Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014