100 007 Africallagma sapphirinum Sapphire Bluet Pair Kloofzight Nov 2015 r 109 504 20180115110804 01 101 026 Africallagma sapphirinum Sapphire Bluet Pair Bethel MP December 2012r
Sapphire Bluet.    Saffierbloutjie.    Flag of South Africa.svg
Family Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890
  • Africallagma sapphirinum (Pinhey, 1950)
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Short Description:

Small sized, sapphire blue with black rings on abdomen segments 3 to segment 5.

Key identification features:

Male:

  • Face is sapphire blue and black. The labrum is light blue and the postclypeus black. Top of the head is black. Postocular spots are sapphire blue and linked with a thin blue line.
  • Eyes are bright blue with black cap.
  • Synthorax is blue. Middorsal stripes of the synthorax are shiny black with blue antihumeral stripes and thin black humeral stripes on either side. Sides of the synthorax are blue.
  • Wings are clear and the pterostigmas are dark grey to black with pale border.
  • Abdomen is deep sapphire blue and black. Segments one to five are mainly sapphire-blue with a discontinuous black dorsal stripe. The dorsal stripe forms distinct ring-shaped black markings in S3 - S5. The S6, S7 and S10 are mostly black. S 8 and S9 are sapphire blue

Female:

  • Dull blue with thin black humeral stripes. Blue postocular spots. Abdomen light brown below with similarly dorsal markings as the male.
Compared with other species:
  • Africallagma sapphirinum has distinctive bright sapphire blue colour.
  • Distinctive black rings on S3-5 of the abdomen. A. sapphirinum has dark grey to black pterostigmas and normal wingtips and the Proischnura rotundipennis has round blue and black pterostigmas and round wingtips.
Distribution and habitat:
  • It is endemic to South Africa.
  • Found in the grassland highveld of central South Africa. Its natural habitat is pools, dams and still parts of streams and rivers with floating and semi-submerged aquatic vegetation.
Behaviour:
  • Perch close to the water on plant stems and flies just above the water surface.
Further reading and other interesting information:
Distribution Map Books:
A guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa  ... p. 90
Dragonfly Biotic Index ... p. 95
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa ... p. 104
Websites of interest:
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Least Cpncern)

Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 662370
Warwick Tarboton
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram:
Dragonflies and Damselflies
Morphology of a Dragonfly, Damselfly
Map of South Africa

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