117 027 Spesbona angusta Spesbona 117 029 Spesbona angusta Spesbona 117 025 Spesbona angusta Spesbona Custom

Spesbona   Flag of South Africa.svg

Genus Spesbona Dijkstra, 2013

Previously known as Ceres Streamjack

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Spesbona angusta, Spesbona. Theewaterskloof. Western Cape. 29 10 2016
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Short description:

Spesbona angustaSpesbonaFamily Platycnemididae, Genus Spesbona small sized, a slender, dark blue and black damselfly, which looks like aSprite when first seen, but with strikingly long and curved appendages.

Key identification features:

Male:

  • Face greyish blue and black. Anteclypeus and postclypeus dull black,postclypeus with long black hairs. Frons greyish blue with blackish margin against postclypeus. Head bright greyish blue with distinct matte black,horn-shaped marking viewed from above. Neck black above,Neck black above,buffish grey patches on lower half of sides.
  • Eyes blackish above, greyish blue below.
  • Thorax has strong black line running along the middle, bordered on either side with bold blue stripes.
  • Wings clear. Pterostigmas pointed, dark reddish brown with fine pale brown hind and outer margins.
  • Abdomen greyish black, segments 1 and 2 slightly bluish. Last two thirds of s 8 and all of s  9 and 10 pale greyish blue.S 8 and 9 with two black dots each from above. Appendages greyish black, superior appendages short in comparison to long curved inferior appendages.  
  • Males vary in colour according to temperature. When cold it is matte black to parts of the head 117 027 Spesbona angusta Spesbona, thorax and abdomen and with ambient temperature increase it becomes increasingly brighter. 117 029 Spesbona angusta Spesbona

Female:

  • Similar in patterning to the males, but brown replaces black, and pale blue not so vivid, except lower half of synthorax.
  • Head, eyes, prothorax, synthorax and s9-10 greenish brown above.
  • Legs mostly reddish brown.
  • With temperature rise, some parts of the head and thorax become lighter. 
Compared with other species:
  • Looks similar to pseudagrion species but the long curved blackish inferior appendages is diagnostic.
  • Metacnemis valida, Blue Riverjack is a ECP species but is light blue with black.
Distribution and habitat:

Vary rare endemic and localised. Found from Ceres to the lower reaches of the Du Toit’s river near Franschhoek Recently found in the Sedgefield area ECP.
Prefers standing waters in open landscapes. Especially pools in streams that stop flowing in summer, mostly with a soft (like muddy) and often also sandy bottom, emergent and aquatic vegetation, submerged roots, dead trunks or branches and/or coarse detritus, with bushy fynbos margins and floating leaves of Aponogeton water plants 
Inferred to occur from 300 to 800 m above sea level in the WCP bot close to sea level in the east of the range

Behaviour:

Males fly across and close to the water surface, regularly landing on perch lengthwise, usually horizontally along twigs or reed stems.  Perch close to the water. Females often among males over water but sometimes in bushes or among tall grass some metres from the water. Females often among males over water but sometimes in bushesor among tall grass some metresfrom the water.

Further reading and information
Distribution Map Books 
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa   p. 54

Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa   p. 67
Dragonfly Biotic Indexp. 59
Websites
Tarboton
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
African Dragonfliers  & Damselflies Online
The IUCN Red Liist of Threatened Species Endangered
Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 662140
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram 
Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a
Dragonfly,  Damselfly
Map of South Africa
 

Credit to Michael J Samways and John P. Simaika for the description 
Manual of Freshwater Assessment for South Africa:Dragonfly Biotic Index A SANBI Production

 

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