Sickle Spreadwing. Sekelspanvlerkiel.
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Medium sized to fairly large, greenish turquoise, with irregular blackish mottling, and large, whitish curved appendages.
Key identification features:
- Face is bright greenish blue. Postclypeus has a black basal line. Head is black with pale green and pale brown blotches when seen from above.
- Eyes are pale blue above and pale green below. Neck is blotchy black, brown, green and greenish blue.
- Thorax is dark green above with irregular pale green and greenish blue blotches; sides yellowish green to opal and pale turquoise with irregular blackish spots.
- Wings clear, becoming slightly smoky with age. Pterostigmas is blackish, short and almost rectangular.
- Abdominal segment 1 (s1) is light green with black margin and two small black dots. Segment 2 light green has a blackish dorsal patch. Segments 3 to 7 are greyish green with dark brown dorsal band, broken by fine yellow rings. Segments 8 to 10 are black. Appendages long and curved inwards and downwards distinctly whitish with black bases.
- Females are pale brown with dark brown thoracic spots. The abdomen is dull green with brown longitudinal stripe.
Compared with other species:
- The green colour and thorax markings make this species easy separate from other Spreadwing species.
- Characteristic is the sickle-shaped, whitish appendages that are relatively flat and pale cerci, with the tips of cerci bent distinctly downwards, rather than towards each other.
Distribution and habitat:
- Localized in Northern KZN and MP Lowveld. More demographic data required to establish the true range of the species.
- Its preferred habitat is margins of pools with tall grasses and sedges next to thick bush or forest, also occurring around murky waterholes with adjacent bushes.
- It hangs from tall stems over water, but retreats into bushes when disturbed.
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa...p 50
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa...p 64
Dragonfly Biotic Index...p 56
Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa..p. 172
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Data Deficient
Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 660370
Size Comparison Diagram Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a Dragonfly, Damselfly
Map of South Africa
Credit for this description to Michael J. Samways and John P. Simaika