Horned Talontail    Puntige Knypstert

Crenigomphus cornutus (Pinhey, 1956)
Short description:

Horned Talontail, Crenigomphus cornutus, Crenigomphus cornutus Horned TalontailGenus Crenigomphus, Family Gomphidae fairly large sized, marked with dull yellow and brown stripes and no foliations.

Key identification features:

Male:

  • Face and head above yellow with some traces of brown.
  • Eyes greyish blue in front, light brown behind, with some indistinct dark horizontal stripes.
  • Thorax yellow with faint brown stripes.
  • Wings slightly smoky. Pterostigmas of medium length (3.5 mm), narrow,black.
  • Abdomen long and narrow with dark brown narrow ring at each segmental joint, inside view each ring with a distinct dark brown dash running forwards on each of segments 3 to 7 on yellow, yellow background forming a line along sides of abdomen. Foliations absent. Segments 8 to 10 of similar length. S 10 swollen club. Superior appendages solid, curved and rounded. Curved toward each other in dorsal view, with wide space between them, straight in side view. Inferior appendages with dorsal teeth near apex, and wide notch (hooked) between very short branches. The hooked inferior appendages diagnostic

Female:

  • Similar to male
  • Stouter, pterostigmas slightly longer.
Compared with other species:
  • Lack of foliations distinguish it from the more common Crenigomphus hartmanni
  • Paragomphus . magnus has no foliage’s 100 1805 Paragomphus magnus Great Hooktail Male Ndumu Mch 2017r 2 .
  • Major differences are in the claspers with O. supinus having inferior appendages that are very fine, upwardly curved with two fine prongs when viewed from side 102 566 Lined claspertail r 2 102 567 Lined claspertail r 3
  • I. Ferox inferior appendages curves upwards to touch the superior appendages. 100 1202 Ictinogomphus ferox Common Tigertail Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 23 P. magnus has very large superior appendages with the tips curving back to almost face S10. 107 521 Great Hooktail 1 4
  • The abdominal stripes, dorsal thorax and the markings on the side of the thorax are diagnostic in the mentioned species.
  • P. magnus has no foliage’s 100 1805 Paragomphus magnus Great Hooktail Male Ndumu Mch 2017r 2 .
Distribution and habitat:
  • The Horned Talontail has only been recorded in South Africa from the southern Kruger National Park
  • Habitat is fast savanna rivers and streams with grassy margins. From 900 to 1400 m above sea level, but possibly down to 300.
Behaviour:
  •  It flies in grassland near flowing water, frequently settling on grass stems and other prominent vegetation.
Further reading and other information:
Distribution Map Books:
The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa ... p.122
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa p. 132
Dragonfly Biotic Index ... p. 120
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa … p 136

Websites:
Odonata Atlas of Africa Number 664620
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species  Least Concern
African Dragonflies & Damselflies Online
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram
Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a
Dragonfly,  Damselfly
Map of South Africa

 Credit:

M J Samways & John P. Simaika.  Manual of FreshwaterAssessment for South Africa:Dragonfly Biotic Index

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