102 533 2016 12 20 flapper 2 125 501 Flapper Hooktail Male KZN RSA Dec 2017r 3 100 1783 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Female Ndumu Mch 2017r 10
Flapper Hooktail.     Bosskepper
Paragomphus sabicus (Pinhey, 1950)
More images:
Image  Male
102 533 2016 12 20 flapper 2 100 1907 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 1
Click on image to view more
Short description:

Flapper Hooktail, Paragomphus sabicus, Genus Paragomphus, Family Gomphidae, is fairly large to large, black and yellow with a slight greenish hue, a large dark club and distinctive long slenderly tapered cerci.

Key identification features:

Male:

  • Face mostly bright, light yellow. Top of nose and head is black with a yellow bar between the eyes. Occiput is yellow. Labrum is yellow with black base.100 1912 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 19 100 1908 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 2
  • Eyes green above,dark bluish grey below 100 1912 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 19 
  • Thorax is black with 3 broad pale stripes and between them 2 series of spots (Diagnostic).100 1908 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 2  100 1910 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 8 100 1911 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 13
  • Abdomen slender with sharply defined black and yellow alternate, ring-like markings.End of segment 7 and parts of segments 8 and 9 deep reddish brown 100 1914 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 22 . Apendages gently curved. Cerci slenderly tapered throughout, 100 1917 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 30 at least 1.5x as long as S10, 100 1918 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 32apices of cerci diverge, are slender, tapered, and finely pointed; (d) epiproct laterally rounded, longer and, almost as long as S10 or longer, not so strongly curved upwards; epiproct reaches about midpoint of cerci, without distinct median knobs 100 1919 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 36 100 1916 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 28(lateral view) 

Female:

  • Female are similar to male
  • Foliations smaller and the
  • Black patterning on the side of the thorax and the abdomen is diagnostic
Compared with other species:
  • Similar to Icterogomphus ferox (Common Tigertail)100 1027 Ictinogomphus ferox Common Tigertail Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 5 Paragomphus magnus (Great Hooktail)100 1784 Paragomphus magnus Great Hooktail Male Ndumu Mch 2017r 1 and Paragomphus sabicus (Flapper Hooktail). 100 1907 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 1 The major differences are in the claspers with O. supinus having inferior appendages that are very fine, upwardly curved with two fine prongs when viewed from side 102 566 Lined claspertail r 2 102 567 Lined claspertail r 3I. Ferox inferior appendages curves upwards to touch the superior appendages. 100 1202 Ictinogomphus ferox Common Tigertail Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 23 P. magnus has very large superior appendages with the tips curving back to almost face S10. 107 521 Great Hooktail 1 4  and no foliations. 
  • The abdominal stripes, dorsal thorax and the markings on the side of the thorax are diagnostic in the mentioned species.
  • P. magnus has no foliage‚Äôs, 100 1805 Paragomphus magnus Great Hooktail Male Ndumu Mch 2017r 2 I ferox has large dark foliations on s 8. 100 1202 Ictinogomphus ferox Common Tigertail Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 23 P. sabicus has large foliations on s 8 with smaller on s 9.100 1916 Paragomphus sabicus Flapper Hooktail Male Close up Ndumo KZN RSA Mch 2018r 28
  • P. sabicus has 3 spots between the 2 broad stripes on the thorax. Humeral stripes are broken into a dot and a stripe. P. sabicus has superior appendages that are long, slender and gently curved down and outwards, yellow with brown tips.
  • Abdominal stripes, dorsal thorax and the markings on the side of the thorax are diagnostic in the mentioned species.
Distribution and habitat:
  • Prefers mostly rivers, but also streams, shaded by gallery forest, but sometimes found in open landscapes. Often waters with a sandy bottom and probably rocks. Found from 0 to 1200 m above sea level.
Behaviour:

Perches on bushes or twigs (sometimes high of the ground) in savanna, often away from water.

Further reading and other information:
http://vmus.adu.org.za/vm_map_afr.php?&database=odonata&grid=2&outline=1&key=0&map=4&spp=665890
Distribution Map
Books:
The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa ... p.124
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa p. 126
Dragonfly Biotic Index ... p. 128
Websites:
Odonata Atlas of Africa Number 665890
Warwick Tarboton 
   
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Least Concern
African Dragonflies & Damselflies Online
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a Dragonfly,  Damselfly
Map of South Africa
X

Right Click

Copyrighted material - contact us if you want to buy a photo