118 521 Two banded Cruiser Phyllomacromia contumax Zimbali 24 Dec 17 1 100 2346 Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 15 101 582 Two banded Cruiser Female Nwanedi LP RSA Phatograpger John Wilkinson 1

Two-banded Cruiser.    Dubbelbandswalker

Phyllomacromia contumax (Selys, 1879)
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Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 9 Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser, Male, Close up, Nwanedi, LP, RSA, Dec 2018.
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Short description:

Two-banded CruiserPhyllomacromia contumaxGenus PhyllomacromiaFamily Macromiidae very large sized, all black and yellow with a distinct yellow waist, yellow bands and a wide yellow band near the end of the abdomen

Key identification features:

Male:

  • Face dark brown with yellow side spots on postclypeus and frons. Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018 Two triangular yellow spots present on upper surface of frons and its projections. Head metallic blue above.
  • Eyes olive to bright green with yellow margins. Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018 Phyllomacromia contumax Two-banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018
  • Thorax dark brown with slight metallic sheen, Phyllomacromia contumax Two-banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018 becoming black above, faint yellow lines and small yellow spots between wings. Phyllomacromia contumax Two-banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018 Small yellow shoulder stripes and thin small yellow line on dorsal carina Phyllomacromia contumax, Two-banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018 Yellow lines on hindmargin of doral thorax Phyllomacromia contumax, Two-banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018
  • Wing tips very smoky in young individuals, with age becoming overall slightly smoky (not always visible in nature) with small dark brown markings around bases of veins. Phyllomacromia contumax ,Two-banded Cruiser, Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018 Pterostigmas short (3 mm in forewing, 2.7 mm in hindwing), deep reddish brown.
  • Abdomen narrow, expanded into distinct club at segments 7 to 9, dark brown to black with bright narrow yellow double ring markings at front margin of s 4-6. Phyllomacromia contumax .Two-banded Cruiser. Male, Close up. Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 26 Viewed from the top these bands are broken  in into a form that give the impression of a triangle between the rings 100 2334 Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 27 Bright yellow ring present on s 3 and 7. S3 split by narrow brown mark towards the rear margin (when viewed from the top) with s7 having a band on the front margin tapering into a tangle on the top hind margin. 100 2335 Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 30 S 8 -10 all black. Superior appendages small, narrow and black. inferior appendages yellow when viewed through the superior appendages.100 2335 Phyllomacromia contumax Two banded Cruiser Male Close up Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2018r 30

Female:  101 582 Two banded Cruiser Female Nwanedi LP RSA Phatograpger John Wilkinson 1

  • Female similar, stouter and shorter (length 58–60 mm)
  • More extensive brown patches at wing bases, wings with darker smoky tips.
Compared with other species:
 Distribution and habitat:
  • Widely accross tropical Africa and in South Africa in Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KZN savanna areas
  • Prefers mostly standing waters, but also rivers, large lakes and possibly streams and flowing channels in marshes, in open landscapes, open areas in forest or shaded by gallery forest. Often with coarse detritus, a sandy and/or soft (like muddy) bottom, and probably emergent vegetation.
  • From 0 to 1900 m above sea level, but mostly below 1300.
Behaviour:
  • Mostly cruising up and down forest margins, rarely flying more than 2 m above the ground, often passing close by. Sometimes cruises along lake edges and streams.
Further reading:
Distribution Map Books:
The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa ... p. 136
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa   p. 146
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa … P 142

Dragonfly Biotic Index ... p. 135
Websites:
Warwick Tarboton

A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species  Least Concern
African Dragonflies & Damselflies Online
Odonata Atlas of Africa Number 666420
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a
Dragonfly,  Damselfly
Map of South Africa

 

 

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