117 521 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider 100 1142 Trame limbata Ferruginous Glider Hluhluwe KZN RSA Mch 2017r 2 117 574 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider

Ferruginous Glider.    Enkelbandswerwer

Tramea limbata (Desjardins, 1832)
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Trame limbata Ferruginous Glider Hluhluwe KZN RSA Mch 2017 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019
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Short description

Ferruginous Glider, Ferruginous Glider, Tramea limbata, Genus Tramea, Family Libellulidae , fairly large sized, orange red and brown, with tapered abdomen (shaped like a Cola bottle).There are black spots.

Key identification features:

Male:

  • Face is reddish to dark brown. 100 2611 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 15
  • Eyes are dark red above and greyish with dark mottles below.100 2610 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 14
  • Thorax is brown with almost no markings. 100 1835 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 3 100 2608 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 6
  • Wings are pointed with reddish dark veins. Elongated, with large and narrow dark red patches on hindwings. Light yellow when young darkening with age 100 2615 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 27
  • Pterostigmas are yellowish brown with the ones on the forewing longer than those on the hindwing. 100 2615 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 27
  • Abdomen is deep red with triangular dark parches on S 8-9 dorsal view, with yellow rings at segment joints. Dark brown claspers. 100 2614 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 20   100 2613 Tramea limbata Ferruginous Glider Male Bang Neck KZN RSA Mch 2019r 22

Females:

  • Similar to males in shape and colour but more yellow
  • Body patterning duller and abdomen stouter.
Compared with other species:
  • Keyhole Glider, T. basilaris, has key-hole shaped markings in the hindwing.
  • There are several red coloured species that needs close inspection to identify correctly.
    • Aethriamanta rezia, Pygmy Basker: 118 500 1Aethriamanta rezia Enseleni 2 1  Very small. Eyes brown with red cap on top, mottled grey below. Thorax with black shoulder stripe. Legs black. Wings all with small dark brown flares at the base, hindwings with additional small patch just behind flares, flares are surrounded by amber halo. 6 Ax veins. Pterostigmas reddish brown 2mm. Abdomen wide, bright red with regular black ladder running along entire top. Segment 1 blackish. Superior appendages red.
    • Urothemis assignata, Red Basker:  100 670 Urothemis assignata Red Basker Male Kozibay KZN RSA MCH 2018r 2 Stout, bright red. Eyes deep red above, mottled dark and light grey below. Legs light red. Hindwings have large dark red angular basal patches with amber hallow. Forewing has small traces of amber at the base. Wing veins red. Pterostigma yellow brown 4mm. Last Ax vein complete. Abdomen segments 5 -9 have black above with median ladder-like stripe of uneven width, widest on s 8 - 9. Appendages of moderate length, red.
    • Macrodiplax cora. Coastal Pennant: 118 503 Macrodiplax cora Coastal Penant Male Kosi Bay KZN Apr 2016r 1  Wings clear, except for small amber patch at base of hindwings. Abdomen bright red with along top strongly contrasting black hour glass shaped stripe of varying width, broken at each segmental joint.
    • Tramea basilaris, Keyhole Glider, 100 1666 Tramea basilaris Keyhole Glider Male Loskopdam MP RSA Nov 2017r 1 Hindwing patches distinctive keyhole shaped. Thorax dull orange above dark brownish grey with dark brown areas along the side. Abdomen segment 8 triangular shaped mark, S 9 -10 black above. Superior appendages long, dark brown with light base.
    • Tramea limbata, Ferruginous Glider,  100 1142 Trame limbata Ferruginous Glider Hluhluwe KZN RSA Mch 2017r 2 Hindwing patches distinctive elongated, narrow shaped dark panels close to basel edge of the wing that may appear black in flight.  long brown claspers
    • Tholymis tillarga, Twister. 100 626 Tholymis tillarga Twister Male Tshipise LP RSA MCH 2016r 4  Hindwings with dark brown patch just inside nodus in front half, with white patch outside of it and diffuse amber area inside it. Forewings with diffuse amber area at bases of wings. Abdomen tapered, light red. Appendages long, red, black at tips.
Distribution and habitat:
  • Flies in warm, humid  eastern, northern and north eastern areas of South Africa. Recorded in th western Cape area. As records become available one will probably find the over the entire region.
  • They disperse well, often swarming together with Pantala flavescens, likewise following rains and breeding in seasonal pools and marshes.
Behaviour:
  • Males fly between bushes and trees continuously for long periods, resting by hanging like a pendulum  in sheltered places. However
  • Often perch in the ‘pennant’ position at the end of high or exposed stakes, with wings raised and abdomen either also slightly up or pressed down. 
  • Range from close to water to quite a distance away from the breeding water.
  • In flight, the pattern of the dark red body and the narrow brown band at the base of the wing is diagnostic.
Further reading:
http://vmus.adu.org.za/vm_map_afr.php?&database=odonata&grid=2&outline=1&key=0&map=4&spp=668630 Books:
A Guide to Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa 
p. 208
Dragonflies and Damselflies of South Africa  p. 198
Dragonfly Biotic Index.   p. 195
The Dragonflies and Damselflies of Eastern Africa.    p 200
Website of interest:
Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 668630

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online
Warwick Tarboton
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
 
Other Information:
Size Comparison Diagram Dragonflies, Damselflies
Morphology of a
Dragonfly and Damselfly
Map of South Africa

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