African Piedspot Bontkolletjie.
Hemistigma albipunctum (Rambur, 1842)
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Key identification features:
- Face have a shiny slightly blue metallic frons with creamy dot either side. Head shiny black above with slight metallic blue sheen.
- Eyes mid grey above,
- Thorax mottled yellow becoming pruinescent greyish blue with whitish hairs. Creamy stripe on the dorsal thorax carina. May disappear with age
- Forewing usually but not always with a darkish amber streak between the costa and radius vein, a smoky patch.
- Pterostigmas distinctly whitish on inside yet blackish on outside.
- Claspers are short with white stripes on the cercus.
- Thorax sides mostly plain, yellowish. Yellow streak runs along neck and length of thorax between wing bases, This streak is sharply outlined in dark brown on neck and first part of thorax
- Frons creamy below upper darkish brown/black brown stripe below, Clypeus and labrum white to light grey
- Wings light smokey with bright yellow amber between the the costa end radius veins becoming darker towards the outer margin of the wing. Brown wing tips, Bicoloured pterostigmas.
- Abdomen dark brown stripe on sides . Black line on top of abdomen broadening towards the hind margin
- Claspers whitishwitblactips stripes.
Compared with other species:
- Similar to the Skimmer (Orthetrum) species due to the blue-grey pruinose thorax and abdomen.
- Diagnostic on the African Piedspot is the bi-coloured pterostigmas and very distinctive colours of the eyes and face.
- H. albipunctum has a creamy stripe on the dorsal thorax carina. This is not present on P. deceptor.
- Males are similar to Deceptive widow (Palpopleura deceptor) but have a long slender abdomen and do not have the spot at the nodus and dark streak between the costa and radius veins as distinctive in P deceptor.
- Female Hemistigma albipunctum may be confused with the female Eastern Blacktail (Nesciothemis farinose) . Both species have a cream dorsal stripe and dark wingtips as well as a broad black stripe on the side of the abdomen
Distribution and habitat:
- Locally common in the warm north and east of South Africa.
- Prefers standing and often temporary waters, as well as rivers and possibly flowing channels in reed-choked marshes and swamps (sometimes with minimal water), in open landscapes, open areas in forest or shaded by gallery forest. Usually with emergent vegetation and often coarse detritus and a soft (like muddy) bottom.
- From 0 to 1900 m above sea level, but mostly below 1400.
- Perches on reed or grass stems, darting out, then returning to perch, often a different perch.
Further readingand information: