Guide to Jewels Family
- Genus Platycypha .4 Genera, 12 species. 2 species in Southern Africa. One is endemic
- Genus Chlorocypha. About 30 Species in Africa One species, Chlorocypha consueta have historic records in South Africa.
- Genus Africocypha, Localised Lower Guinean genus
- Genus Stenocypha, 5 Species centred in the Albertine Rift Valley of Central Africa
- The family occurs only in the Old World tropics, but is absent from Madagascar and Australia.
- It comprises fifteen to twenty genera, the majority of which are Oriental.
- However, with almost 50 species, about a third of the family’s species diversity is Afrotropical.
- Jewels are recognised by their pig-like snout, short abdomen and bright colours, especially reds and blues.
- Females of most species are dull.
- Males have dancing courtship and territorial displays. During these displays they flaunt the colours of their legs.
- Boulder Jewel, Platycypha fitzsimonsi is endemic to South Africa
- There are only historic records of Ruby Jewel, Chlorocypha consueta, in South Africa.
General Identification information:
- Species identifications should be based on mature males only.
- Immature specimens may have very dull and different colours and cannot reliably be identified.
- When cold, specimens often appear darker and blotchy.
- Females must preferably be identifies in conjunction with a male.
Only Images of southern African species are shown
A click on family/species name will link to the main species description article and image gallery
Credit to Klaas-Douwe Dijkstra for description.