Guide to Jewels Family

Family Chlorocyphidae
  • Genus Platycypha .4 Genera, 12 species. 2 species in Southern Africa. One is endemic
  • Genus Chlorocypha.  About 30 Species in Africa One species, Chlorocypha consueta have historic records in South Africa.
  • Genus Africocypha, Localised Lower Guinean genus
  • Genus Stenocypha, 5 Species centred in the Albertine Rift Valley of Central Africa
  • The family occurs only in the Old World tropics, but is absent from Madagascar and Australia.
  • It comprises fifteen to twenty genera, the majority of which are Oriental.
  • However, with almost 50 species, about a third of the family’s species diversity is Afrotropical.
General Information:
  • Jewels are recognised by their pig-like snout, short abdomen and bright colours, especially reds and blues.
  • Females of most species are dull.
  • Males have dancing courtship and territorial displays. During these displays they flaunt the colours of their legs.
  • Boulder Jewel, Platycypha fitzsimonsi is endemic to South Africa
  • There are only historic records of Ruby Jewel, Chlorocypha consueta, in South Africa.
General Identification information:
  • Species identifications should be based on mature males only.
  • Immature specimens may have very dull and different colours and cannot reliably be identified.
  • When cold, specimens often appear darker and blotchy.
  • Females must preferably be identifies in conjunction with a male.

Only Images of southern African species are shown

A click on family/species name will link to the main species description article and image gallery

Male Female Male Female
100 055 Platycypha calgata Dancing Jewel Mooinooi NWP RSA MCH 2015r 20 100 001 Dancing jewel Female Nwanedi LP RSA Dec 2015 r 1 of 1 117 043 Platycypha fitzsimonsi Boulder Jewel 103 016 Platycypha fitzsimonsi Boulder Jewel
Dancing Jewel
Platycypha caligata
Boulder Jewel
Platycypha fitzsimonsi

Credit to Klaas-Douwe Dijkstra for description.



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