Common Citril Ceriagrion glabrum Gewone Aljander
Common Citril Ceriagrion glabrum Gewone Aljander is medium sized, primarily orange in colour, with two, minute projections on S10
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Key identification features:
- Face and head dull orange.
- Eyes are greenish, with dark grey cap above Creamy green below.
- Thorax is orange, darker above, lighter below with a greenish tinge, particularly below.
- Wings are clear. Pterostigmas are dark rusty brown with fine pale yellow borders.
- Abdomen is bright orange. Segment 10 has two small (teeth-like), distinct backward-pointing projections on hind margin. Cercus (superior appendages) shorter the paraproct (Inferior appendages)
Compared with other species:
- C. glabrum and, C suave (Suave Citril) best identified in hand when in co-habitation areas
- The only common bright, all-orange species throughout most of SA, except in the lowveld areas of northern KZN, MP and the Limpopo river valley (vary rare) where the much rarer Suave Citril, Ceriagrion suave, occurs.
- C. glabrum has two prominent, black-tipped, multiple-pointed (teeth-like) projections on the hind margin of S10, while C. sauve does not have these projections.
- Inferior appendages of C. glabrum are longer than the superior appendages of C. suave.
Distribution and habitat:
Common Citril Ceriagrion glabrum Gewone Aljander is common in the northern and eastern half of South Africa, and along the coastal areas to the Western Cape.
Frequents pools, marshes and sluggish reaches of rivers with an abundance of tall grass, sedge and reeds.
Sometimes an open habitat, with trees nearby, or even in thick forest.
From 0 to 2000 m above sea level, but mostly below 1500
- Rests and hovers among tall grass and other vegetation, sometimes some distance away from the water's edge. Females are often with males and mating pairs are common.