- Almost 90 genera and 1000 species are known, making it the second largest anisopteran family. Largest is Libellulidae
Distribution in Africa and surrounding Islands
- About a sixth of this diversity is Afrotropical
- 11 genera, 17 species in South Africa
General identification features
- Coloured in combinations of green, brown, yellow, and black
- All species have very distinctive markings on lateral and dorsal thorax.
- Only Dragonfly (anisopteran) with eyes widely separated by a ridge-like occiput, rather than in contact.
- Most species have enlarged foliations on terminal abdominal segments.
- Ax veins asymmetrical, not meeting on subcostal vein.
- Discoidal cell (forewing) and DC (hindwing)
Habitat and behaviour:
- Most species inhabit rivers and streams, where adults can be elusive and furtive, while larvae are easier to find.
- Generally quite specific jn habitat preferences and in the sites they perch for hunting and/or courting
- Perches mostly on rocks, tops of branches (sometimes high but open in trees) or grass stems in open or forest areas
- Images ordered in alphabetical by scientific names
- Only males are shown except for Zambezi Siphontail, Neurogomphus zambeziensi .Too view images of female please follow the ling provided by clicking on the image to the description page
- To view females follow the menu links to the species description page