Mountain Sprite, Pseudagrion draconis, Berggesie. A-group  Flag of South Africa.svg

105 007 Pseudagrion draconis Mountain SpriteMale

1 10166 Pseudagrion draconis Mountain Sprite Male Garry Dec 2023r 44Old Male

117 600 Pseudagrion draconis Mountain Sprite600


Short Description:

Mountain Sprite, Pseudagrion draconis, Berggesie is small slate blue damsel with mauvish blue abdominal tip. It has a black face with pruinose forehead and a black labrum.

Family Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890

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Pseudagrion draconis Image Gallery

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Key identification features:


  • Face and labrum are mostly black.
  • Frons is black and heavy pruinescent white.
  • Eyes are black above and green below.
  • Wings are clear with dark, reddish brown pterostigmas.
  • Thorax is slate to navy blue above and light green below - with age becoming a little pruinescent. Undefined, very short cross stripe, originating from the hind end of the humeral stripe.
  • Abdomen is slate blue with bronze sheen, greenish or buff below - S8-9 is mauvish blue dorsal becoming pruinescent grey in old individuals.


  • Light green with black dorsal and humeral stripes, dark greenish abdomen, buff below.
  • Abdomen Segments 8 and 9 have a definite blue pattern.
  • Mostly streams, but also rivers, in open landscapes or open areas in forest. Often calmer sections (like pools), usually with emergent vegetation and/or probably submerged roots.
  • Inferred to occur from 0 to 2700 m above sea level, but mostly below 600 in west of range.
  • It hovers low and close to water of the slower sunlight reaches of clear montane streams and rivers - often perches on boulders in the mid stream.
Compared with other species:
  • Face of P. draconis is mostly black with black labrum, while face of P. salisburyense is greyish green or blue with greenish or bluish labrum. 
  • P. furcigerum has a green labrum.
  • P. spernatum lacks the mauve on the the terminal segments of the abdomen.
  • P. draconisis has an undefined very short cross stripe originating from the hind end of the humeral stripe, while the P spernatum a definite cross stripe from the hind end of the humeral stripe towards the antihumeral stripe.
  • P. draconis very close to P. spernatum, Upland Sprite. In the Drakensberg region it also cohabit in flowing streams

Pseudagrion draconis Mountain Sprite Distribution Map July 2020Distribution Map

South Africa Physical MapTopographical Map

map of south africa maxPolitical Map




South Africa:

  • Endemic to South Africa,   Flag of South Africa.svg
  • From the Western Cape mountains through to the mountains of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. In the Drakensberg, it may reach 2 100 m elevation. 

Learn more about species in Sprite A-group

  • B-Group
  • To view a list of B-Group Sprite images Click HERE
Further reading:

Websites of interest

addoAfrican Dragonflies & Damselflies online
VM OdonataMAP logo 108x90 RGB trOdonata Atlas of Africa - VMU Number 663300
IUCNThe IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Least Concern
A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South AfricaD D ID