Portia Widow, Palpopleura portia, Portia-weetjie
Portia Widow, Palpopleura portia, Portia-weetjie is very small to small sized, with a powdery blue body and extensive jet black but deeply indented patches on all wings.
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Key identification features:
- Face dark brown. Labrum, anteclypeus, postclypeus and side of frons shiny blackish brown. Frons very sloping,with wrinkles, shiny, deep metallic blue. Vertex very
prominent, with small peaks, dimpled, deep metallic blue.
- Eyes dark brown.
- Thorax is mottled brown, with two straight light greenish yellow stripes present on each side of the thorax. Dorsal thorax is pale blue pruinose.
- Wing has a wave in the basal fore wing costa. Extensive black scalloped (indentation) markings. These scallops (patches) vary in shape and size, between individual specimens, but still conform to a basic shape on the male, and an Africa like shape on the females. On both the wings the rear end of the markings are undulating. The outer scallop (patch) on the fore wing, sometimes extend across to the hind margin. The black markings extend from the wing root to the Pterostigmas. Pterostigmas may be blackish, but mostly bi-coloured, 3.5-3.7 mm long. Little or no yellow is visible on the male wing.
- Abdomen is short, wide at midpoint, pale pruinescent bluish grey with distinct blackish appendages.
- Light and dark yellowish brown
- Thorax has two yellowish stripes on the side.
- Wing pattern is similar as male but black markings less extensive, particularly on the front margins, brown rather than black. The patches bordered with light smoky yellow, which, in hindwing, is extensive, but not quite reaching hind margin. The space between the antenodal cross-veins (Ax) on the hindwing are brown / black between the subcosta and radial (R1) up to the nodus.
- Abdomen is irregular dark brown with yellow stripes over light yellowish brown. Dorsal abdomen yellow stripe become almost invisible pruinescent grey brown with age.
- The pterostigmas are about equal white and black in size. With age the white part of the pterostigmas will darken to almost as muddy brown.
- Wing patters on both male and female may differ from specimen to specimen with age.
- Frequents Standing and often temporary waters in open landscapes, open areas in forest or shaded by gallery forest. Its habitat is clear, shallow pools, and margins of dams with an abundance of tall grasses and reeds in hot open savanna.
- From 0 to 2300 m above sea level, but mostly below 1800.
- It has a darting, reasonably powerful flight. Returns to previously used perches perch over the water.
Compared with other species:
- Females of P. lucia and P. portia are most like P. portia males, but is difficult to separate. Females must preferably be identified or photographed with males.
- P portia and P. lucia have dark patches on the wings. P. lucia P. portia
- Black patches in both wings of the female P. lucia is more extensive than the patches of P. Portia.
- P deceptor has long black streaks in fore wing only with an isolated dark marking around node. .
- Pterostigmas of P. lucia and P portia are bi-coloured, half white and half black with black on outer side. The outer black part of the pterostigmas of P. Lucia follows to the last Px vein (on the wing tip) giving the pterostigma a cat nail like appearance P. jucunda has dark brown pterostigmas. Pterostigmas of P deceptor are black with white/cream in inner half.
- P. lucia females have an amber patch in both wings that reaches the hind margins of the wings. These patches may also be prevalent in P. portia, but is lighter and do not reach the hind margins of the wings.
- Female P. jucunda has distinctive dark patches on outer part of both wings, but the male have amber patches in the area where the females have dark patch
- Common and widespread across the warm eastern and northern parts of South Africa.
- Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Côte d'Ivoire; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo-Brazzaville; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinee-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Republic of Guinea; Republic of South Africa; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Swaziland; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
- Odonata Atlas of Africa VMU Number 668200
- African Dragonflies & Damselflies Online
- A Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South Africa
- The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.