Yellow-faced Sprite, Pseudagrion citricola, Jaloerse gesie   Flag of South Africa.svg

100 431 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Male Bronkhorstspruit GP RSA Dec 2016r 2Male
100 439 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Yoiung Male Mondeor GP RSA Oct 2015r 7Young Male
100 448 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite fehale Bronkhorstspruit GP RSA Sept 2015r 8Female

Short Description

Yellow-faced Sprite, Pseudagrion citricola, Jaloerse gesie is small sized, dull dark blue with bright blue postocular spots, bright yellow face and abdomen with sky blue tip

Family Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890

More Images
Key identification features:

Male:

  • Face is bright yellow with yellow labrum and clypeus and yellow genae (side of the head) and a black frons. Horn like yellow extensions next to the eye is diagnostic. 1 10114 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Male escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 16
  • Head above is black, with small, bright blue postocular spots with no line between them. 1 10114 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Male escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 16 1 10125 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Male Close up Warden RSA Febr 2020r 17
  • Eyes are above brown with a darker ring and amber yellow below, Light green when young.1 10110 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Male escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 8
  • Thorax is dark blue above and light greenish blue below - becoming pruinescent with age. 1 10110 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Male escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 8
  • Wings are clear with light brown pterostigmas that becomes dark brown with age.1 10120 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Male escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 29
  • Abdomen is above dark blue and buff-greenish below. Between segments are dark rings. 1 10116 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Male escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 21 S7 may have a small patch at the hind margin when young  S8-9 has bright mauvish blue patches above and are buff below. 1 10118 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Male escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 25S10 is black above. Abdomen pruinose to grey when old 

Female:

  • Buff to greenish face and the eyes are light green below100 10103 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Female escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 7 
  • Postocular spots are buff and joined by light brownish bar.100 10104 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Female escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 8
  • Thorax can be buff with black humeral (shoulder) stripes.
  • Abdomen upper side is metallic greenish-black and light greenish buff below. S8 S9 has a typical white pattern.100 10105 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Female escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 13  S8 has a rabbit-face pattern and S9 has a whitish crown-shape pattern extending halfway from the posterior end of the segments to the middle of the segments. S10 is whitish above. Abdomen markings creamy brown when young100 10107 Pseudagrion citricola Yellow faced Sprite Fem Close Female escort KZN RSA Feb 2020r 17
Habitat
  • Sluggish streams and rivers, and occasionally dams and pools, with banks with tall grass, emergent vegetation, rushes and herbs. Usually with emergent vegetation and probably often submerged roots.
Behaviour
  • Rests, often conspicuously, on stems of grass or rushes, where its yellow face is very striking, but only when viewed from the front, not from above. Flits fast across water when disturbed.
Compared with other species:
Habitat:
  • Sluggish streams and rivers, and occasionally dams and pools, with banks with tall grass, emergent vegetation, rushes and herbs. Usually with emergent vegetation and probably often submerged roots. From 0 to 2000 m above sea level, but mostly above 1200 and possibly up to 2800. In the South African region, occasionally at low elevations in WCP and ECP.
Behaviour:
  • Rests, often conspicuously, on stems of grass or rushes, where its yellow face is very striking, but only when viewed from the front, not from above. Flits fast across  water when disturbed.Females often close to males
Compared with Other Species
  • Only Pseudagrion caffrum, Springwater Sprite also has yellow face and dark blue body.
  • P. citricola has bright postocular spots, dull brown pterostigmas and P blue abdominal tip, whereas P. caffrum has no postocular spots, bright rusty red pterostigmas and dull blue abdominal tip.
  • P. citricola looks very much like P. salisburyense, Slate Sprite,  with which it can co-occur, but the yellow face of P. citricola is readily separated from the greenish, dark face of .P. salisburyense
Distribution
Pseudagrion citricolaDistribution Map
Political MapPolitical Map
Topographical Map South Africa Topographical Map

 

 

 

South Africa

  • Endemic to South Africa.
  • Common across the Highveld grassland region, occasionally at low elevations in WCP and ECP.
Learn more about species in Sprite A-group
Learn more about Sprites B-group

Click HERE for the list of Sprites B-group

Further reading:

Websites of interest
addoAfrican Dragonflies & Damselflies online
D D IDA Visual Guide to the Damselflies and Dragonflies of South AfricaOdonata Atlas of Africa - VMU Number 663260
IUCNThe IUCN red List of Threatened Species. Least Concern

}